Programme Code : BTS
Course Code : PTS - 4
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Regional Centre :
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Title of the Project: CASE STUDY OF TRAIBAL
CULTURE OF ANDAMAN & NICOBAR
LETTER/CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL
I hereby certify that the proposal for the project entitled CASE STUDY OF TRAIBAL CULTURE OF ANDAMAN & NICOBAR BY …….………. has been prepared after due consultation with me. The proposal has my approval and has, to my knowledge, the potential of developing into a comprehensive Project work. I also agree to supervise the above mentioned Project till its completion.
(Signature of Supervisor)
The Natives are what makes Andaman and Nicobar Islands different from other parts of the country. They are the main reason why these islands have a wild aura about them. Andaman and Nicobar islanders are primarily divided into two major categories.
The Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinalese of the Negroid population live in the Andaman Islands. It is believed that they migrated from Africa about thousand years ago, during the Paleolithic age. The natives from Nicobar Islands are equally old, if not older. The Nicobarese (Nicobari) and Shompen of the Mongoloid origin constitute the Nicobar Island tribes. The indigenous people in the islands live in peace and harmony with each other and form a unique culture of their own.
However, with the recent development, the culture of Andaman and Nicobar Islands has become a blend of different languages, religions and ethnic groups. The capital city - Port Blair consists of an international culture with people from all parts of the world settled here.
The current list of settlers comprise of people from all religions including Hindus, Christians, Sikhs and Muslims who speak many languages from Hindi, Tamil, Bengali to Telugu, Punjabi and Malayalam. All religions, fairs, events and festivals are celebrated over here with equal amounts of zest and passion.
The Andaman Islands are home to four 'Negrito' tribes – the Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese. The Nicobar Islands are home to two 'Mongoloid' tribes – the Shompen and Nicobarese.
The 'Negrito' tribes are believed to have arrived in the islands from Africa up to 60,000 years ago. All are nomadic hunter-gatherers, hunting wild pig and monitor lizard, and catching fish with bows and arrows. They also collect honey, roots and berries from the forest.
The 'Mongoloid' tribes probably came to the islands from the Malay-Burma coast several thousand years ago.
* Great Andamanese: Population 43. The tribe that has suffered most from contact with outsiders: 99% have been wiped out since the British first colonized the islands. Before the tsunami they lived in a government settlement and were dependent on government aid. They have just been moved to the islands' capital, Port Blair, as their village was badly damaged in the tsunami.
* Onge: Population 100. Their forest home has been plundered by poachers and loggers. They were settled by the Indian administration and are dependent on food handouts. The 73 Onge living at Dugong Creek fled to high ground when they saw the sea level fall, and so survived.
* Jarawa: Population about 270. Have only had peaceful contact with outsiders for six years. They live on the west coast of South and Middle Andaman, and are believed to have survived the tsunami. They are still completely independent and live entirely by hunting, gathering and fishing. The main threat to their existence comes from the highway running through their territory: the Indian government was ordered to close this by the Supreme Court in 2002, but it has ignored the order.